In addition to posible risks of vaping and the unknowns of adverse effects of flavoring agents including diacetyl to the lung (PMID 25383564), there is the risk of nicotine poisoning if cartridge contents is swallowed, notably by children. Cartriges may also contain substances or drugs including cannabis (PMID 26347431), or ‘sexual enhancers’ such as tadalafil. History taking of exposure to tobacco smoke, inhalants, stimulants, inhaled drugs and/or substances of abuse is indicated. Patients on oxygen who use e-cigarette may suffer burns. See PMID 24338077, 24350225, 24575993, 24732161, 25383564, 27705269

Last update : 09/11/2016